The Express Entry Program is a more transparent, efficient, and streamlined program to help professionals migrate to Canada under the economic immigration programs. This specifically aims to grant permanent residence under the following programs.
The program is designed to target a skilled workforce; necessary to contribute to the economy of a certain province.
There are more than 80 provincial nominee programs to choose from. Applicants must have the required skills, education and work experience as required by the PNP of the province that they are applying to.
They must be willing to live in the said province. Once nominated by a province, a nominee applies to IRCC for permanent residence Federal Skilled Traders Class (FSTC).
In 2008, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) launched the Canadian Experience Class (CEC) to offer a directed skilled worker lane to temporary foreign workers and international graduates who want to obtain permanent residence status.
Specifically, the CEC is designed for permanent residence applicants who have relevant Canadian work experience that they obtained through a temporary work permit. The applicant should have worked in Canada for a minimum period of 1 year in the past 3 years to be eligible to apply under the CEC.
The CEC has now become one of Canada's largest immigration processes for skilled workers and is also one of the fastest application routes, taking only about three to four months to process.
Since 1967 the Federal Skilled Program has been the primary gateway for immigration to Canada. It is Canada’s flagship immigration program which had enabled tens of thousands of foreigners to become a part of Canada’s skilled workforce.
The FSW is the fast-track path towards Canada immigration under the Express Entry System. Candidates applying under this program are scored and assessed under the Comprehensive Ranking System to determine their eligibility. Many factors including age, education, work experience, adaptability, etc are evaluated for eligibility.
To apply under the FSW program, the applicant must meet the minimum requirement i.e.
There is no upper limit on the number of applicants and is open for application throughout the year.
The application process can get daunting and overwhelming if not understood and followed properly but it gets simple once you have decided on the program you want to apply under.
The first step in the application process is to ensure that the applicants' profile meets the required point criteria. To enter the Express Entry pool, you must meet the criteria for the Federal Skilled Worker Class. The maximum score is 100 and the candidate must attain a minimum of 67 to be considered. The factors to affect the scores are:
Maximum points if you are between 18-35 years.
More years of work experience means more points.
You must have at least 6 bands in your IELTS equivalent to CLB 7 to be eligible to apply and score the minimum points. Higher scores mean more points.
A higher level of educational qualification means more points.
Adds 10 points to the score.
Having close family in Canada or a spouse who is migrating with you makes for additional points.
After you have assessed your eligibility, it is time to begin accumulating the necessary documentation. Though time consuming, this is an essential part of the process. The following documents are required:
Full details of the job offer must be submitted, including:
The application for the Express Entry program is submitted online via an application Management system. This process is EOI, Expression of Interest.
After submission, if your profile fits the requirements of one of the programs under the Express Entry Program, the application shall move to the Express Entry pool and will be scored based on the CRS. The Express Entry program evaluates the applicants on a point-based system. The Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) is used to score the profile of the candidate. The maximum score is 1200 of which 600 are the core set of points and the additional set of points is another 600.
A high-ranking candidate profile will most likely be drawn from the Canadian Express entry pool of people who have registered.
If selected to apply for permanent residency, you receive an Invitation to Apply from immigration and are required to submit all the documents at this stage. The validity of the ITA is 60 days.
Once the process is complete and verified, you will then receive the Confirmation Of Permanent Residence (COPR)